Virtual Directory <virtualDirectory> (2023)

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The <virtualDirectory> element is a child of the <application> element and controls the configuration settings for a specific virtual directory. A virtual directory is a directory name (also referred to as path) that you specify in Internet Information Services (IIS) 7 and map to a physical directory on a local or remote server. The virtual directory name becomes part of the application's URL, and users can request the URL from a browser to access content in the physical directory, such as a Web page or a list of additional directories and files. If you specify a different name than the physical directory for the virtual directory, it is more difficult for users to discover the actual physical file structure on your server because the URL does not map directly to the root of the site.

In IIS 7, each application must have a virtual directory, known as the root virtual directory, and maps the application to the physical directory that contains the application's content. However, an application can have more than one virtual directory. For example, you might use a virtual directory when you want your application to include images from another location in the file system, but you do not want to move the image files into the physical directory that is mapped to the application's root virtual directory.


IIS 10.0The <virtualDirectory> element was not modified in IIS 10.0.
IIS 8.5The <virtualDirectory> element was not modified in IIS 8.5.
IIS 8.0The <virtualDirectory> element was not modified in IIS 8.0.
IIS 7.5The <virtualDirectory> element was not modified in IIS 7.5.
IIS 7.0The <virtualDirectory> element was introduced in IIS 7.0.
IIS 6.0The <virtualDirectory> element replaces the IIS 6.0 IIsWebVirtualDir and IIsWebDirectory metabase objects.


The <virtualDirectory> element is included in the default installation of IIS 7.

(Video) How to create Virtual Directory in IIS on Windows Server 2019 [WEB SERVER 04]

How To

How to create a new Virtual Directory

  1. Open Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager:

    • If you are using Windows Server 2012 or Windows Server 2012 R2:

      • On the taskbar, click Server Manager, click Tools, and then click Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager.
    • If you are using Windows 8 or Windows 8.1:

      • Hold down the Windows key, press the letter X, and then click Control Panel.
      • Click Administrative Tools, and then double-click Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager.
    • If you are using Windows Server 2008 or Windows Server 2008 R2:

      • On the taskbar, click Start, point to Administrative Tools, and then click Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager.
    • If you are using Windows Vista or Windows 7:

      (Video) How to configure Virtual Directories in IIS 8 on Windows server 2012

      • On the taskbar, click Start, and then click Control Panel.
      • Double-click Administrative Tools, and then double-click Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager.
  2. In the Connections pane, expand the server name, expand Sites, expand the Web site to which you want to add the virtual directory, and then click the application to which you want to add the virtual directory.

  3. In the Actions pane, click View Virtual Directories, and then click Add Virtual Directory...

  4. In the Add Virtual Directory dialog box, at a minimum enter information in the Alias: and Physical path: text boxes, and then click OK.


    (Video) 4. IIS FTP - User Isolation Setup and other Features

    You can click Connect as... to configure the server to use the specified credentials when it accesses content in the virtual directory, and click Test Settings... to test authentication and authorization settings for the virtual directory.


The <virtualDirectory> element is configurable at the server, site, and application level in the ApplicationHost.config file.


allowSubDirConfigOptional Boolean attribute.

Specifies whether IIS looks for Web.config files in content directories lower than the current level (true) or does not look for Web.config files in content directories lower than the current level (false).

The default value is true.

logonMethodOptional enum attribute.

Specifies the logon method for the virtual directory.

The logonMethod attribute can be one of the following possible values. The default is ClearText.

Value Description
Batch This logon type is intended for batch servers, where processes may be executing on behalf of a user without the user's direct intervention.

The numeric value is 1.

ClearText This logon type preserves the name and password in the authentication package, which allows the server to make connections to other network servers while impersonating the client.

The numeric value is 3.

Interactive This logon type is intended for users who will be using the computer interactively.

The numeric value is 0.

Network This logon type is intended for high performance servers that authenticate plaintext passwords. Credentials are not cached for this logon type.

The numeric value is 2.

passwordOptional string attribute.

Specifies the password associated with the user name.

Note: To avoid storing unencrypted password strings in configuration files, always use AppCmd.exe or IIS Manager to enter passwords. If you use these management tools, password strings will be encrypted automatically before they are written to the XML configuration files. This provides better password security than storing unencrypted passwords.

pathOptional string attribute.

Specifies the virtual path of the virtual directory.

physicalPathOptional string attribute.

Specifies the physical path of the virtual directory.

userNameOptional string attribute.

Specifies the user name of an account that can access configuration files and content for this virtual directory.

Child Elements


Configuration Sample

The following configuration example displays a <site> element that contains two applications. The first <application> element defines the root application for the site, along with the root virtual directory for the application. The second <application> element contains the configuration settings for a CRM application on the Web site. The path attribute defines the path for the application. This <application> element contains two <virtualDirectory> elements. The first defines the root virtual directory for the application, and the second defines an Images virtual directory for the application.

<site name="Contoso" id="2" serverAutoStart="true"> <application path="/"> <virtualDirectory path="/" physicalPath="C:\Contoso\Content" /> </application> <application path="/CRM"> <virtualDirectory path="/" physicalPath="C:\Contoso\Content\CRM" /> <virtualDirectory path="/Images" physicalPath="E:\Images" /> </application> <bindings> <binding protocol="http" bindingInformation="*" /> </bindings></site>

Sample Code

The following examples create a new application named ShoppingCart with a virtual directory root of C:\Inetpub\Contoso\ShoppingCart for a site that is named Contoso.

(Video) How to create an IIS virtual directory website in Windows Server 2019


When you create an application from the command prompt or from a script, you must explicitly create a root virtual directory for the application.


appcmd.exe set config -section:system.applicationHost/sites /+"[name='Contoso'].[path='/ShoppingCart']" /commit:apphostappcmd.exe set config -section:system.applicationHost/sites /+"[name='Contoso'].[path='/ShoppingCart'].[path='/',physicalPath='C:\Inetpub\Contoso\ShoppingCart']" /commit:apphost


(Video) IIS 7.5 Add Multiple Virtual Directory (Using a single IP Address)

You must be sure to set the commit parameter to apphost when you use AppCmd.exe to configure these settings. This commits the configuration settings to the appropriate location section in the ApplicationHost.config file.


using System;using System.Text;using Microsoft.Web.Administration;internal static class Sample{ private static void Main() { using (ServerManager serverManager = new ServerManager()) { Configuration config = serverManager.GetApplicationHostConfiguration(); ConfigurationSection sitesSection = config.GetSection("system.applicationHost/sites"); ConfigurationElementCollection sitesCollection = sitesSection.GetCollection(); ConfigurationElement siteElement = FindElement(sitesCollection, "site", "name", @"Contoso"); if (siteElement == null) throw new InvalidOperationException("Element not found!"); ConfigurationElementCollection siteCollection = siteElement.GetCollection(); ConfigurationElement applicationElement = siteCollection.CreateElement("application"); applicationElement["path"] = @"/ShoppingCart"; ConfigurationElementCollection applicationCollection = applicationElement.GetCollection(); ConfigurationElement virtualDirectoryElement = applicationCollection.CreateElement("virtualDirectory"); virtualDirectoryElement["path"] = @"/"; virtualDirectoryElement["physicalPath"] = @"C:\Inetpub\Contoso\ShoppingCart"; applicationCollection.Add(virtualDirectoryElement); siteCollection.Add(applicationElement); serverManager.CommitChanges(); } } private static ConfigurationElement FindElement(ConfigurationElementCollection collection, string elementTagName, params string[] keyValues) { foreach (ConfigurationElement element in collection) { if (String.Equals(element.ElementTagName, elementTagName, StringComparison.OrdinalIgnoreCase)) { bool matches = true; for (int i = 0; i < keyValues.Length; i += 2) { object o = element.GetAttributeValue(keyValues[i]); string value = null; if (o != null) { value = o.ToString(); } if (!String.Equals(value, keyValues[i + 1], StringComparison.OrdinalIgnoreCase)) { matches = false; break; } } if (matches) { return element; } } } return null; }}


Imports SystemImports System.TextImports Microsoft.Web.AdministrationModule Sample Sub Main() Dim serverManager As ServerManager = New ServerManager Dim config As Configuration = serverManager.GetApplicationHostConfiguration Dim sitesSection As ConfigurationSection = config.GetSection("system.applicationHost/sites") Dim sitesCollection As ConfigurationElementCollection = sitesSection.GetCollection Dim siteElement As ConfigurationElement = FindElement(sitesCollection, "site", "name", "Contoso") If (siteElement Is Nothing) Then Throw New InvalidOperationException("Element not found!") End If Dim siteCollection As ConfigurationElementCollection = siteElement.GetCollection Dim applicationElement As ConfigurationElement = siteCollection.CreateElement("application") applicationElement("path") = "/ShoppingCart" Dim applicationCollection As ConfigurationElementCollection = applicationElement.GetCollection Dim virtualDirectoryElement As ConfigurationElement = applicationCollection.CreateElement("virtualDirectory") virtualDirectoryElement("path") = "/" virtualDirectoryElement("physicalPath") = "C:\Inetpub\Contoso\ShoppingCart" applicationCollection.Add(virtualDirectoryElement) siteCollection.Add(applicationElement) serverManager.CommitChanges() End Sub Private Function FindElement(ByVal collection As ConfigurationElementCollection, ByVal elementTagName As String, ByVal ParamArray keyValues() As String) As ConfigurationElement For Each element As ConfigurationElement In collection If String.Equals(element.ElementTagName, elementTagName, StringComparison.OrdinalIgnoreCase) Then Dim matches As Boolean = True Dim i As Integer For i = 0 To keyValues.Length - 1 Step 2 Dim o As Object = element.GetAttributeValue(keyValues(i)) Dim value As String = Nothing If (Not (o) Is Nothing) Then value = o.ToString End If If Not String.Equals(value, keyValues((i + 1)), StringComparison.OrdinalIgnoreCase) Then matches = False Exit For End If Next If matches Then Return element End If End If Next Return Nothing End FunctionEnd Module


var adminManager = new ActiveXObject('Microsoft.ApplicationHost.WritableAdminManager');adminManager.CommitPath = "MACHINE/WEBROOT/APPHOST";var sitesSection = adminManager.GetAdminSection("system.applicationHost/sites", "MACHINE/WEBROOT/APPHOST");var sitesCollection = sitesSection.Collection;var siteElementPos = FindElement(sitesCollection, "site", ["name", "Contoso"]);if (siteElementPos == -1) throw "Element not found!";var siteElement = sitesCollection.Item(siteElementPos);var siteCollection = siteElement.Collection;var applicationElement = siteCollection.CreateNewElement("application");applicationElement.Properties.Item("path").Value = "/ShoppingCart";var applicationCollection = applicationElement.Collection;var virtualDirectoryElement = applicationCollection.CreateNewElement("virtualDirectory");virtualDirectoryElement.Properties.Item("path").Value = "/";virtualDirectoryElement.Properties.Item("physicalPath").Value = "C:\\Inetpub\\Contoso\\ShoppingCart";applicationCollection.AddElement(virtualDirectoryElement);siteCollection.AddElement(applicationElement);adminManager.CommitChanges();function FindElement(collection, elementTagName, valuesToMatch) { for (var i = 0; i < collection.Count; i++) { var element = collection.Item(i); if (element.Name == elementTagName) { var matches = true; for (var iVal = 0; iVal < valuesToMatch.length; iVal += 2) { var property = element.GetPropertyByName(valuesToMatch[iVal]); var value = property.Value; if (value != null) { value = value.toString(); } if (value != valuesToMatch[iVal + 1]) { matches = false; break; } } if (matches) { return i; } } } return -1;}


Set adminManager = CreateObject("Microsoft.ApplicationHost.WritableAdminManager")adminManager.CommitPath = "MACHINE/WEBROOT/APPHOST"Set sitesSection = adminManager.GetAdminSection("system.applicationHost/sites", "MACHINE/WEBROOT/APPHOST")Set sitesCollection = sitesSection.CollectionsiteElementPos = FindElement(sitesCollection, "site", Array("name", "Contoso"))If (siteElementPos = -1) Then WScript.Echo "Element not found!" WScript.QuitEnd IfSet siteElement = sitesCollection.Item(siteElementPos)Set siteCollection = siteElement.CollectionSet applicationElement = siteCollection.CreateNewElement("application")applicationElement.Properties.Item("path").Value = "/ShoppingCart"Set applicationCollection = applicationElement.CollectionSet virtualDirectoryElement = applicationCollection.CreateNewElement("virtualDirectory")virtualDirectoryElement.Properties.Item("path").Value = "/"virtualDirectoryElement.Properties.Item("physicalPath").Value = "C:\Inetpub\Contoso\ShoppingCart"applicationCollection.AddElement(virtualDirectoryElement)siteCollection.AddElement(applicationElement)adminManager.CommitChanges()Function FindElement(collection, elementTagName, valuesToMatch) For i = 0 To CInt(collection.Count) - 1 Set element = collection.Item(i) If element.Name = elementTagName Then matches = True For iVal = 0 To UBound(valuesToMatch) Step 2 Set property = element.GetPropertyByName(valuesToMatch(iVal)) value = property.Value If Not IsNull(value) Then value = CStr(value) End If If Not value = CStr(valuesToMatch(iVal + 1)) Then matches = False Exit For End If Next If matches Then Exit For End If End If Next If matches Then FindElement = i Else FindElement = -1 End IfEnd Function


What do you mean by virtual directory? ›

A virtual directory is a directory name (also referred to as path) that you specify in Internet Information Services (IIS) 7 and map to a physical directory on a local or remote server.

What is the purpose of virtual directory? ›

A virtual directory (also referred to as a virtual directory server) is an Identity and Access Management (IAM) architectural component that gives identity consumers (users and applications) a consolidated and unified view of identity management information stored in multiple disparate data repositories.

How do I use a virtual directory? ›

Right-click the Web site that you want (for example, Default Web Site), point to New, and then click Virtual Directory. On the Welcome to the Virtual Directory Creation Wizard page, click Next. On the Virtual Directory Alias page, type the alias that you want (for example, Sales), and then click Next.

How do I access a virtual directory? ›

Setting Up Access to Virtual Directories
  1. Go to Websites & Domains and find the website's domain name.
  2. Click Virtual Directories.
  3. To set access permissions for the current virtual directory, in the Tools group, click Directory Access Permissions. ...
  4. Do the following:

What is Active Directory simple answer? ›

Active Directory (AD) is a database and set of services that connect users with the network resources they need to get their work done. The database (or directory) contains critical information about your environment, including what users and computers there are and who's allowed to do what.

What is a virtual directory number? ›

A vector directory number (VdN) is an extension on an automatic call distributor that directs an incoming call to a "vector"—a user-defined sequence of functions that may be performed, such as routing the call to a destination, giving a busy signal, or playing a recorded message.

What is main purpose of directory? ›

Directories let you group files and other directories to organize the file system into a modular hierarchy, which gives the file system structure flexibility and depth. Directories contain directory entries. Each entry contains a file or subdirectory name and an index node reference number (i-node number).

Why do we need a directory? ›

A directory is used to store, organize, and separate files and directories on a computer. For example, you could have a directory to store pictures and another directory to store all your documents. By storing specific types of files in a folder, you could quickly get to the type of file you wanted to view.

How does working directory work? ›

The working directory is just a file path on your computer that sets the default location of any files you read into R, or save out of R. In other words, a working directory is like a little flag somewhere on your computer which is tied to a specific analysis project.

How to test IIS virtual directory? ›

Configure IIS Virtual Directories
  1. Edit the settings in the Add Virtual Directory window as follows: Alias: enable. ...
  2. Click the Test Settings button to verify the connection. ...
  3. Click the OK button to exit the Add Virtual Directory window.

What is Active Directory and why would anyone use it? ›

What Does Active Directory Do? AD serves as a centralized security management solution that houses all network resources. The purpose of Active Directory is to enable organizations to keep their network secure and organized without having to use up excessive IT resources.

How do I open a directory? ›

Type cd folderName to open a folder in your directory.

For example, in your User folder you can type cd documents and press ↵ Enter to open your Documents folder.

How to secure virtual directory in IIS? ›

To set secure access:
  1. In IIS Manager, click the virtual directory for which you want to set authentication.
  2. Right-click Authentication in the Home panel and select Open Feature to open the Authentication panel.
  3. Disable Anonymous Authentication.
  4. Enable Windows Authentication.

What is virtual directory in Exchange server? ›

A virtual directory is used by Internet Information Services (IIS) to allow access to a web application such as Exchange ActiveSync, Outlook Web App, or the Autodiscover service.

How do you explain Active Directory in an interview? ›

Top 17 Active Directory Interview Questions and Answers (2023)
  1. 1) Mention what is Active Directory? ...
  2. 2) Mention what are the new features in Active Directory (AD) of Windows server 2012? ...
  3. 3) Mention which is the default protocol used in directory services? ...
  4. 4) Explain the term FOREST in AD? ...
  5. 5) Explain what is SYSVOL?
Dec 17, 2022

What are the 3 basic Active Directory roles? ›

Active Directory has five FSMO roles:
  • Schema Master.
  • Domain Naming Master.
  • Infrastructure Master.
  • Relative ID (RID) Master.
  • PDC Emulator.
Nov 30, 2021

What are the two types of Active Directory? ›

Active Directory has two types of groups:
  • Security groups: Use to assign permissions to shared resources.
  • Distribution groups: Use to create email distribution lists.
Oct 5, 2022

How do I get my virtual number? ›

You can optionally forward calls to a mobile number or landline anywhere worldwide. This is however not free but costs like a local call.
How to get a free virtual phone number
  1. Select a number. Select a “Free for website” number in a country of choice in Sonetel sign up.
  2. Sign up. ...
  3. Add free chat to your website.
Apr 15, 2022

How do you know if a phone number is real or virtual? ›

A reverse lookup service will tell you if the caller is a VoIP number, who owns the number, and their address. Alternatively, if you have a VoIP phone, you can ask your provider to do a CNAM lookup to learn more about the caller.

How do you know if a number is a virtual number? ›

A virtual phone number is a phone number that isn't directly attached to a single, fixed phone line. Instead, incoming calls are forwarded to one of a pre-set number of phone lines, which can be either mobile, landlines, or VoIP. The specific device that each call goes to, however, is determined on the spot.

What is a directory answer? ›

In computing, a directory is a file system cataloging structure which contains references to other computer files, and possibly other directories.

What is a directory simple definition? ›

: a book or collection of directions, rules, or ordinances. : an alphabetical or classified list (as of names and addresses)

What are the types of directory? ›

Single-level directory, two-level directory, tree-structured directory, acyclic-graph directory, and general-graph directory are various structures of a directory. In a single-level directory, all the files are stored in a single directory.

What are the 5 roles of Active Directory? ›

Currently in Windows there are five FSMO roles:
  • Schema master.
  • Domain naming master.
  • RID master.
  • PDC emulator.
  • Infrastructure master.
Dec 1, 2021

What is Active Directory interview questions? ›

Top Active Directory Interview Questions & Answers
  • What do you mean by Active Directory? ...
  • Name the default protocol used in directory services? ...
  • Define SYSVOL? ...
  • Define the term FOREST in AD? ...
  • What is Kerberos? ...
  • What do you mean by lingering objects? ...
  • Define Active Directory Schema? ...
  • Name the components of AD?
Dec 12, 2022

What are the five components of Active Directory? ›

  • In Windows, the 5 FSMO roles are: Schema Master – one per forest. ...
  • Schema Master FSMO Role. The Schema Master role manages the read-write copy of your Active Directory schema. ...
  • Domain Naming Master FSMO Role. ...
  • RID Master FSMO Role. ...
  • PDC Emulator FSMO Role. ...
  • Infrastructure Master FSMO Role.
Apr 23, 2018

How do I set my working directory? ›

Changing the Working Directory
  1. Use the setwd R function.
  2. Use the Tools | Change Working Dir... menu (Session | Set Working Directory on a mac). ...
  3. From within the Files pane, use the More | Set As Working Directory menu. (Navigation within the Files pane alone will not change the working directory.)
Dec 27, 2022

What is the difference between a directory and a file? ›

The file system is responsible for managing information on the disk. Information is stored in files, which are stored in directories (folders). Directories can also store other directories, which forms a directory tree. / on its own is the root directory of the whole filesystem.

What is difference between directory and folder? ›

Unlike a folder, which can only store files, a directory can store files, subdirectories, and other directories. At its most basic level, a directory is an organizational system that allows users to store data files in a way that makes them easy to find.

Why do we use virtual directory in IIS? ›

For example, you might use a virtual directory when you want your application to include images from another location in the file system, but you do not want to move the image files into the physical directory that is mapped to the application's root virtual directory. By default, IIS uses configuration from Web.

How do I know if my IIS server is working? ›

To verify if IIS is installed, go to your 'Add or Remove Programs' utility in the Control panel and click on the 'Add/Remove Windows Components' in the side menu. On XP Pro and below, you should see an item called 'Internet Information Services (IIS)'. If this is checked, IIS should be installed.

How do I change the virtual path in IIS? ›

Open IIS Manager by Typing inetmgr on Start Menu or Run. Click On Sites on the Left navigation of IIS Manager. Right Click on Site where you want to Add Virtual Path and Choose Add Virtual Directory. Put the Short Name of Application/Website in Alias Field.

Where is Active Directory database is stored? ›

The AD database is stored in the NTDS. DIT file located in the NTDS folder of the system root, usually C:\Windows. AD uses a concept known as multimaster replication to ensure that the data store is consistent on all DCs. This process is known as replication.

What is Active Directory example? ›

Active Directory categorizes directory objects by name and attributes. For example, the name of a user might include the name string, along with information associated with the user, such as passwords and Secure Shell keys.

How do I check my directory? ›

To determine the exact location of your current directory within the file system, go to a shell prompt and type the command pwd. This tells you that you are in the user sam's directory, which is in the /home directory. The command pwd stands for print working directory.

How do I access data directory? ›

Edit Files In Data Folder (Android 13 & Above)
  1. Navigate to Data Folder. Using QuickEdit built-in file explorer to locate the data folder under internal storage, the path is similar as: /storage/emulated/0/Android/data.
  2. Open File using System File Manager.

Why is it called a directory? ›

Directory is a 'special file' that knows where (the content of) a file is stored in the memory (through inode). This makes sense why it is called directory. A directory keeps the index of items, not necessarily the items themselves. The directories in Linux and UNIX don't keep the files inside it.

How do you prevent VM sprawl? ›

How to prevent virtualization sprawl
  1. Audit VMs. It may seem like a simple solution, but make it a policy that every VM and virtual server must be documented and registered.
  2. Optimize storage and implement data policies. ...
  3. Implement lifecycle management tools. ...
  4. Implement VM archiving.
Feb 7, 2017

How do I make Active directory more secure? ›

Active Directory Security Best Practices
  1. Review and Amend Default Security Settings. ...
  2. Implement Principles of Least Privilege in AD Roles and Groups. ...
  3. Control AD Administration Privileges and Limit Domain User Accounts. ...
  4. Use Real-Time Windows Auditing and Alerting. ...
  5. Ensure Active Directory Backup and Recovery.
Dec 9, 2018

What virtual directory does Outlook use? ›

You can use the Exchange admin center (EAC) or the Exchange Management Shell to view or modify the properties of an Outlook on the web (formerly known as Outlook Web App) virtual directory. Although the name has changed to Outlook on the web, the name of the virtual directory is still "owa".

Which folder is a virtual folder? ›

Virtual folders are folders that exist only in the Eclipse workspace tree, and have no file system location. By using virtual folders, file and folders can be organized in a project hierarchy independently of the file system location of those resources.

What is the meaning of virtual domain? ›

Virtual Domain . As used herein, the term "Virtual Domain" means a page or segment of an Internet World Wide Web site, replicating the look and character of and accessed through the Distributor Site and bearing the branding of both Distributor and NewsReal.

What do you mean by directory? ›

A directory is a book which gives lists of facts, for example people's names, addresses, and phone numbers, or the names and addresses of business companies, usually arranged in alphabetical order. ... a telephone directory. Synonyms: index, listing, list, record More Synonyms of directory.

What is virtual directory in Linux? ›

A virtual directory is a path or alias within a website that refers users to another directory where the actual data is hosted. The referred directory can be a physical directory on a local server's hard drive or a directory on another server (network share).

What is virtual example? ›

The adjective virtual is used to describe something that exists in essence but not in actuality. You may have made a virtual friend on an online gaming site, but don't expect that person to meet you for coffee.

How do you create a virtual domain? ›

How to Setup a Virtual Domain
  1. Gain access to your DNS (domain service) provider.
  2. Go to the page where you can create a CNAME (it may look different depending on your provider)
  3. Enter in a CNAME that is short. ...
  4. Point this CNAME to ''
  5. Now add this CNAME record.
Apr 20, 2020

What is an example of a virtual server? ›

For example, you might have one virtual server called, and another called, both of which reside on the same Web server instance, and listen for requests on the same port. By using virtual servers, you can: Minimize memory and hardware utilization.

Why is a directory important? ›

The core reason for a directory service to exist within an organization is to manage the relationships between users and their IT resources.

Why is the directory important? ›

The Directory used military force to put down uprisings. They also annulled elections when they didn't like the results. Despite these struggles, the Directory did help France to recover somewhat from the Terror and set the stage for future governments.


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